West Papua Human Rights for Indigenous Peoples
The source of the human rights problems in West Papua is the colonisation and subsequent dispossession of the lands and resources of the ... all » indigenous peoples. They have been prevented from exercising their fundamental freedoms, including their right to development in accordance with their own needs and interests.
A frequent and pervasive cause of dispute has been over land rights. The appropriation of tribal or clan land for development projects, from forestry, mining or road construction to Transmigration settlements, has resulted in large numbers of indigenous people being removed from their traditional land, invariably leading to conflict with the armed forces as well as physical and emotional harm for the people affected. Since the takeover of West Papua by Indonesia in 1963, violations of human rights have been widespread.
Many of the violations have occurred in the context of on-going conflict between the OPM (Organisasi Papua Merdeka, or Free Papua Movement) and the Indonesian forces.